Kusadasi is located on the Aegean coast of Turkey and it is one of the most famous holiday resorts of the country. In the summer time people come here for an unforgettable holiday. Why do many people come here? Because Kusadasi has beautiful beaches, crystal clear water and the night life is very active here. During day time people enjoy sunbath and swim in the clean water and then they spend all their energy by dancing at the night clubs till sunrise. Young Irish people really love this pretty holiday resort because of the warm weather and for fun. There is a special bar street for Irish people in Kusadasi including the popular bars Jimmy’s Irish Bar, Kitty’s Irish bar etc…

All they are located side by side on this street. Normally in many Muslim countries alcohol is not allowed but in Turkey all restaurants and night clubs serve drinks with alcohol. It is possible to have crazy unforgettable nights in Kusadasi. People come here also for visiting old historic sites such as Ephesus, Priene, Miletus, Didyma, Aphrodisias, Pergamum, Pamukkale etc. There are many well preserved historical sites on the Aegean coast of Turkey belong to Greek and Roman eras and Kusadasi is in between those places and is suitable as a base camp to visit any of those sites by joining the daily trips. Ephesus is the nearest and best preserved one among them. Aegean coast of Turkey is also very important region for Christianity. St John, St Paul, Mother Mary, St Philip etc were here and 7 churches in Revelation (Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea ) are located on the Aegean part of Turkey. For Religious visits or pilgrimage people come here and mostly prefer to stay in Kusadasi because it is nearby all this sites.
Briefly, Kusadasi welcomes people who like cultural or religious visits and also sun and fun. The best time for holiday in Kusadasi is April, May, September and October. June, July and August period is the most crowded and hot time. It is roughly 45C (113F) in summer. In winter time cruises stop, hotels and shops are closed, streets are quite and locals mostly dealing with agriculture. 15th of April is awakening time; 15th of October is falling asleep time for Kusadasi.

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The region known as Cappadocia includes the centres of Ürgüp,Goreme, Avanos,Uchisar,Derinkuyu,Kaymaklı and Ihlara. It is a stunning area of other-worldly rock formations, subterranean churches and underground dwellings, the scale of which is over-whelming.Cappadocia is a geological oddity of honeycombed hills and towering boulders of otherworldly beauty.The fantastical topography is matched by the human history here.People have long utilised the regions soft stone,seeking shelter underground and leaving the countryside scattered with fascinating troglodyte-style architecture.Cappadocia was a refuge for the early Christians,who escaped persecution by living and worshipping underground. There are an estimated 3000 rock churches in this region,not all of which are open to the public

The village of Goreme itself is at the heart of the areas tourist industry, and many of its villagers still live in cave dwellings, some of which have been converted into pensions. Surrounding the area are the amazing rock formations known evocatively as Peri Bacaları or Fairy Chimneys.

Located to the west of Niğde, is the stunning Ihlara Valley, a gorge which is 10 km long and some 80 metres wide.Popular for trekking,about 12 of its 60 churches are open to the public including the impressive Egritas Church.
There are hundreds of underground cities in the regions.Two of the most impressive are Kaymaklı,which has 8 levels,and Derinkuyu, which reaches down to 55 metres.They were used by the Christians fleeing persecution in the 7th century who created a self-sufficient environment underground including bedrooms,kitchens and storage rooms.

History of Cappadocia

The Hattis,followed by the Hittites, Phrygians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans were all enchanted by the allure of Cappadocia and left the imprint of their own presence here including important trade routes,such as the illustrious Silk Road which traversed east, west, north and south. As a result of this heavy traffic,the region was a complex web of historical and cultural influences.Cappadocia was the place where different faiths and philosophies met and influenced one another. Frescoed churches and dwellings carved into the cliffs extend from Ihlara Valley, which is 40 km from Aksaray, and as far as 14 km to the town of Selime. Some of these structures can be dated back to as early as the 4th century A.D. Among the many sights worth seeing are the Egritas,Agac Alti,Kokar,Yilanli,Purenli,Kirkdamalti,Ala,Direkli,the Kale Manastiri churches,and the Selime Cathedral.
Because of its location,weight loss strategic region. As Cappadocias trade and resources were tempting prizes,the region was frequently invaded,raided,and looted.To protect themselves from such depredations,the local inhabitants took to living in the regions caverns and grottos whose entrances could be concealed,so as not to be noticed by trouble-making outsiders. Since it might have been necessary to lie low for extended periods of time,these troglodytic dwellings eventually became subterranean cities that included sources of water,places to store food,wineries,and temples.Some of them date back to before the Christian era.

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Roman&Byzantine İstanbul

The Byzantine area in İstanbul considered to have begun in 300BC with Emperor Constantine the great announcing the city as Byzantimum and the capital of the eastern Roman Empire.

The city came to be known as Constantinople or the city of Constantine from that time.Both cities are spread across seven hills with the settlement of old İstanbul confined by the sea of Marmara and the Golden Horn.

Shortly after the city became the capital,the power of Rome shifted eastwards and Constantinople became centre for Christianity and Greek culture.During the reign of Byzantine Empire the city was adorned with many artistic and architecturel Works.Roman Temples were replaced by churches and many new churches,inc  the Hagia Sophia,Which became largest building in the world for a thousand years,were built in the four corners of the city.

During Constantines Imperial rulet he city witnessed great change and development with the hippodrome,aqueducts,city walls,palaces,and squares being built.With this way the Byzantine era Constantinople became largest and wealthiest city in continental Europe.

The city became dilapidated after fourth Crusades,though 1261 marked a year of revival fort he Byzantine Empire which had already been weakened greatly.The Urban population decreased to just a hundred thousand from half a million as Byzantinum lost its previous reputation as the strongest imperial power,the vast empire had shrunk so much that it now only occupied the area of Constantinople.Soon after the city became the target of the Ottomans and the Byzantine Emperors accepted their hegemony and began to pay taxes to them.İn mid14th century the Ottomans began to capture small towns surrounding the city and shut down the supply routes that led to it.

Ottoman Empire in İstanbul

The Seljuks had become a force to be reckoned with, growing from a small principality in Anatolia to a powerful army,known as the Ottomans.They ruled over the Balkans, the area all around Costantinople and much of the remainder of the Byzantine Empire.

The fall of Constantinople can be attributed directly to the brilliance of Mehmet II, the Conqueror. In 1451, Mehmet prepared two magnificent fortresses on the Bosphorus for his invasion.Anadolu Hisari on the Asian side was strengthened, while a second fortress Rumeli Hisari on the European side, was constructed in just a few months. Together, the two fortresses guarded the narrowest section of the Bosphorus.

Mehmet meanwhile brought in master craftsmen from Europe to build huge cannons, and in May 1453 started to build up his forces around the walls of Constantinople. The Byzantines had installed massive chain links across the Golden Horn,so Mehmet took them by surprise.
He bombarded the city walls by night and stealthily transported his ships overland, from a cove behind Galata where the Dolmabahce Palace now stands, on rollers up the hill and down into the Golden Horn behind the chains. The emperor Constantine XI died fighting on the walls.

Mehmet entered the city on 29 May and immediately went to pray in theHagia Sophia, which was cleansed and declared a mosque. Many other churches were turned into mosques, although those areas which had not resisted the Ottoman forces were spared.Constantinople was renamed Istanbul,which stems from the Greek Istanopolis or to the city,and declared it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

Mehmet began the process of transforming Istanbul into a fabulously wealthy capital.He repaired the city walls and built a new mosque,the Fatih Camii as well as Topkapi Palace and the Grand Bazaar.New districts of the city were established and seaside mansions constructed.

Under Süleyman the Magnificent (1522 – 1566),the Ottoman Empire was at its peak,extending from Vienna to the Arab peninsula and as far south as Sudan.Suleymans greatest landmark is perhaps the xquisite Suleymaniye Mosque, built in 1556.

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This palace was built in 1856 and the otoman emperors continued ruling the country from here. In the 19th century a lot of Western influence was present in the Ottoman Palace. So there is a striking taste of Baroque architecture in this building. Actually a mixture of European architectural trends of the time, this style came to be known as ‘’Turkish Rokoko’’. Stretching 600 meters along bosphorus, this magnificent building is where Ataturk the founder of the Turkish Republic died in 1938.

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While you are walking around the country you may see Turkish men playing with a string of beads.They are size hand span,different colored.33 rounded and 1 rectanqularish string of beads thats is actually made for praying.İt is used to trock of caounting prays however by the years it became such a common thing to hold in hand for Turkish men without religious motivation.

Rosary might be made from onyx,quartz,turquoise. Its very easy to find rosary. You can buy rosary in souvenir shops all aroud Kusadasi city centrum. If you are looking for a gift for your father or father in low, maybe this is it!!

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Baklava is a rich, sweet pastry made of layers of filo filled with chopped nuts and sweetened and held together with syrup or honey. It is characteristic of the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire and is also found in Central and West Asia

In Turkey, dessert is often a social ritual a course meant to be shared. At any time of day or night, friends can be found congregating to sip Turkish coffee or tea from dainty glasses, and should you care to accompany that beverage with a roll, pastry or snack, theres much to choose from. Baklava is just the tip of the iceberg.You fell in love with the countrys vast range of desserts, while developing a far deeper understanding of the Turkish sweet tooth.

The pastry comes in numerous shapes,sizes, and flavors;walnut baklava and pistachio baklava are what you see most often in the States: flaky layers of phyllo dough, stacked and brushed with butter and sugar syrup, and then cut into rectangles or diamonds. But keep an eye out for other variations,like ceviz dolama, a round and slightly more compact baklava made with walnuts, or the similarly shaped saray sarması which features a combination of both nuts. Then theres dürüm which is made with only a single layer of phyllo, so its composed almost entirely of ground pistachios that turn each piece a vibrant green.

A good baklava must be made of real butter and real sugar and not their replacements.


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History of Turkish Bath

The History of Turkish Bath dates back to the Roman times and the importance of the concept in Ottoman and Turkish cultures is great.The Roman concept of baths evolved over time and it became a Turkish tradation eventually.Like so much else in Turkish culture,the hamam dates back to the Ottoman Empire.The steam bath in Ottoman times had three basic functions:a place for social gathering;ritual cleansing connected to the Muslim faith, which required spiritual and physical cleanliness;and an architectural witness to the sultans greatness,power and wealth.

The most impressive examples of hamam architecture are found in Istanbul,capital of the Ottoman Empire and former capital of the Byzantine Empire.The Byzantines considered themselves the direct cultural and political successors to the Roman Empire, where public baths were a staple feature of the community.The Ottomans adopted and continued this practice when they conquered the Byzantines in 1450.No expenses were spared in lavish construction and decoration of the hamams. Valuable materials were used not only in the rulers private hamam,but also in the public baths.Most of these baths are still functional and in use today.

Originally,the use of the hamam was restricted to men,but that has since changed.In Ottoman times,each harem would have its own hamam,for womens use only.In modern times,men and women are now both allowed in the same hamam,although they bathe in separate rooms.Smaller hamams have ladies days.

Particularly during the Ottoman Empire,hamams were a place for socializing.The bath was open from sunrise to sunset and frequented not only for washing but also for use of the barber, exchange of gossip and news, and even business meetings.In the ladies section,women could investigate the physical and social qualities of prospective daughters-in-law,enjoy music and entertainment,and indulge in sweets.

A hamam consists of three separate rooms:the warm room,the hot room and the cooling-off room.Visitors to hamams are received by a bath attendant who gives them a cotton wrap, special wooden clogs,which prevented slipping on the wet floor,and a rough mitt for massaging.Todays practices are much the same as in days of year.

After divesting themselves of their clothes and putting on the wrap and clogs, the bathers enter the warm room. It is heated by a constant flow of hot, dry air, instigating relaxation and perspiration. After warming up, they proceed to an even hotter room before entering the steam and massage area. Bathers lie down on marble slabs and, with the help of a masseuse, wash down vigorously,scrubbing with the mitt and abundant soap while at the same time receiving a reviving massage.Hot or cold water,according to the bathers taste is used to wash away the suds and residue.After being cleaned and massaged,the bather retires to the cooling room. Here he or she relaxes from the exertions of the massage and allows the stress-relieving benefits of the treatment to take full effect.The most socializing takes place in this room as the bathers can relax and chat together.

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Kusadasi is one of Turkey’s principle holiday resorts.Situated on the west coast of Turkey.90km South of İzmir.Kusadasi is reputed for one of the most attractive city of the Aegean as its close to the importand historical sites inc. Ephesus,Priene,Miletus and Didyma.

In the 10th century BC 12 Ionian Cities Samos, Khios,Miletos,Priene,Ephesus,Teos,Erythrai,Priena,Klazonemi,Lebedos,Phokaia,Colophon,Smyrna,were established and reputed  for the most developed cities of that age. Asthe annual meeting place of the Ionian League, Panionian, was founded around Kusadasi; the cities of Phygale, Marathesion and Neopolis were established within the borders of the city. During the period, the ports of Phygale and Neopolis were not busy and necessary, as they were close to the famous trading centers and ports, Miletos and Ephesus.

The city was invaded by Persians around the year of 546BC. In 200BC Kusadasi and its environs were dominated by the Roman Empire, and with the division of the Roman Empire, became a state of Byzantine. As the changes in climate caused serious earthquakes and changed the route of Caystros River, Ephesus was mostly destroyed and lost its prior importance and prosperity. The result had forced Byzantines to search for a new port and a new road that would be suitable for trading. The area around Neopolis was found convenient by the Greek, Jewish, and Armenian merchants as a port in place of the port of Ephesus.Scala Nova was the name of this new port which added a new trading center to the prior historical cities such as Ania, Melia, Phygale and Neopolis, that have created the early foundations of todays Kusadasi. By the coming of the 15th century, Scala Nova was under the domination of the Venetian and Genoese sailors and traders who established consulates hereThe Turkish domination in the area entered upon the invasion of  Seljukian Kilic Arslan the 2nd. Theadvantageous position of Kusadasi as its being at the end of the important trade roads such as Silk Road -once held by Ephesus, influenced the development of the city in trading, positively.

Kusadasi began to be ruled by the Ottoman Empire after the invasion of Sultan Mehmet Celebi in the year of 1413.During the reign of Ottomans,Kusadasi was introduced to glorious structures, giving a new look to its former spectacular view. Okuz Mehmet Pasa Caravanserai is the principal of Ottoman architecture in the city, was built by the man of the same name, who was the vizier during the reigns of Sultan Ahmet1 and Osman2. The fortress gates &walls and many mosques in the center of Kusadasi, as well as the citadel of the castle in Pigeon Island,were built in the Ottoman period,reflecting the architectural style of the era. “Kusadasi ” that means “bird island” took its name from the Pigeon Island.

After the First  World War, Kusadasi was invaded by the Greeks (1919). The city won a long struggle for in 1922 and became a part of Turkish Republic. Izmir was the capital of Kusadasi until 1954. Then the capital was changed to Aydin and the city of Kusadasi has shown a good deal of development, especially in tourism.

Today, Kusadasi is one of Turkeys most sophisticated holiday centers; a perfect place for vacation with its sandy beaches and glassy water. The contrast of the lively holiday life with the quietness of ancient ruins create the special atmosphere of the city.

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Izmir is a city and third most populous city in Turkey.

West of the Anatolian Peninsula, which the city is

located around the middle of the Gulf of Izmir and the

Aegean Region is an important exhibition center and

port city of Izmir International Fair regulate every year.

As the countrys surface area is the twenty-third largest city.

West of the Aegean Sea and the Aegean Islands, south of Aydin, Balikesir north, east are the Manisa. Izmir in the west sea,

Cesme Peninsula extends its beaches and thermal centers. Among the most famous cities of the ancient Ephesus, the Roman

imperial era was one of the worlds largest cities.

All Ionian incorporates the richness of culture, Ephesus had a reputation for intense artistic activity. For this purpose,

“Beautiful İzmir”, “Old Istanbul” and “La Perla de lIonia” (Pearl of the Ionian) was called. Izmir, yachts and is located at the beginning of a long and narrow bay surrounded by ships. palm trees along the beach, there are palm trees and wide streets.

Port of Izmir is Turkeys largest port after the port of Mersin. Vibrant and cosmopolitan city Izmir, international art festivals and Izmir International Fair and also holds and important place.

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